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he tried to play it down, said a relative of the girl Secretary S S Alam rejected the allegation The school has the status of a minority educational institution from the Government of India For all the latest Kolkata News download Indian Express AppWritten by Pratap Bhanu Mehta | Published: November 17 2009 2:32 am Related News The proposed reforms in Indias premier universityDelhi Universityshed interesting light on the institutional challenges of reform in India and offer wider lessons Many reforms have been on the table But the switch to a semester system has elicited most discussion and consternation In principle the idea of a semester system is a good one But the idea is being fetishised in a way that fundamentally confuses ends and means As often happens in reform debates in Indiathe focus is more on the formrather than the objective of reform What should have been a reform ensconced in a wider pedagogical debatehas become largely a calendar reform And the result may be that we have a course structure that is neither fish nor fowl What is interesting about Delhi Universitys reform towards a semester system is that it neither takes on board the truly revolutionary elements of a semester system Nor does it take fully into account the local contextso that there can be adequate preparation for the switch Ideallya semester system allows you to achieve the following objectives It can facilitate the creation of a credit systemand hence allow more choice and flexibility In institutions where the semester system has real pedagogical biteit is premised upon one important fact: that the teachers teaching particular classes evaluate their own students Delhi Universitys reform does not achieve either of these objectives On the choice and flexibility frontostensibly a system of majors and minors has been introduced So the course requirement in the majors has been reduced to allow for more courses in a minor But this expansion of choice is relatively illusory A genuinely intellectually interesting expansion of choice would not be limited by a major-minor structure Once the requirements of the departments are fulfilledit would allow wide choicesincluding the possibility of social science students taking science classes (at the appropriate level) So someone interested in environment majoring in history couldafter fulfilling their majortake a relevant course offering in any discipline including the sciencesrather than being confined to the minor But this would require better basic preparation A semester system works well when each individual faculty member has substantial freedom to innovate in course offering at his or her level This is possible only where there is no disjunction between those who set the syllabusthose who teach and those who evaluate The crisis of undergraduate education has its sourcein partin this disjunction In some waysby increasing rather than decreasing the prominence of university-wide examsthe semester system may exacerbate this disjunction Given our institutional realitiesthis is not an easy disjunction to fix But it is disappointing that there is no roadmap that is even trying The ways in which the major-minor choices have been configured also diminish departmental autonomy In a good American universitythe departments you are majoring in have great autonomy to set the distributional requirements you need to fulfil in your non-major coursesto balance pedagogical objectives and choice In some waysit would have been better if this move had also been in the context of a discussion of what kind of autonomy is appropriate at each level of the institution But the discussion of autonomy really brings out the issue at the heart of the reform: the serious trust deficit within Indian institutions In some respects Delhi University has more of an administrative identity than an academic one Delhi University has top-end collegesbut it also has a considerable number of bottom-end ones And across departments there is great variation More accomplished departments think taking courses in certain other departments will be a diminution in standards What this enormous variation produces is several different universities rather than one; yet administrative logic has to operate on the fiction that DU is one academic entity When reforms try and average across great variationthe result is often odd: it inhibits the good from getting betterand it fuels anxiety at the lower end One of the reasons a proper discussion of who should have how much autonomy is impossible is because the good departments or colleges dont trust that others will put it to good use; the weak ones dont care if the good ones are being trampled on Thus you have a very paradoxical outcome: a reform can go through by due process even when many of the top colleges are opposing it This reform story is also symptomatic of a larger trend in reform While we are good at picking out the general direction of reformwe do not want to confront difficult questions about putting in the preconditions that would make reform meaningful and successful In the DU story three elements are missing Firstthere needs to be much more thorough conversation about the degree structure as a whole For instancecan undergraduate degrees give the combination of basic skills and choice in the current three-year format Orif we are committed to the three-year format would we be better served by concentrating on the basics rather than the illusion of choice There has to be a more explicit articulation of the pedagogical tradeoffs we are making Secondthere is a nuts and bolts institutional context of reform The promise of pedagogical innovation rings hollow when your ability to cater to basics of infrastructurestudent-teacher ratiosand the relative supply of teachers are diminishing Each university needs a long-term strategy map that is more than a statement of objectiveswhere all the different elements of reform can be placed in relation to the concrete circumstances of that universitynot in relation to an abstract template Finallymost of these reforms are being mandated by the UGC So the source of reforms is consistent with the logic of bureaucratic centralisation; hence the emphasis of form over substance Delhi University was right to reject the authority of NAAC; though it would have been better if this had been consistently argued on the grounds of the universitys staturerather than exaggerated fears about commercialisation Delhi University is also a victim of the best in it Some exceptions apartthe best teachers have a self-satisfied complacency about the state of their university and react in negative mode to serious proposals for change Delhi University can set new benchmarks in how to make public universities better It will be terrific if it can move beyond half-baked reforms and half-baked opposition to a genuine game plan to elevate Indias most important university The writer is presidentCentre for Policy ResearchDelhi express@expressindiacom For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: AFP | Rio De Janeiro | Updated: August 17 2016 6:01 am IWF prevented Russia and Bulgaria from competing in weightlifting at Rio Olympics (Source: Reuters) Top News The International Weightlifting Federation will ban Russia Kazakhstan and Belarus from competing for one year after the Rio Olympics finish because of doping its chief told AFP in an interview IWF president Tamas Ajan said the governing body would announce the bans at the end of September or beginning of October adding that he expected to punish several other nations as well “After the Games we will suspend these countries I give a guarantee about this… (It) will be Russia Kazakhstan and Belarus” Ajan told AFP at the Rio Games Weightlifting has long been afflicted by doping scandals and the IWF has undertaken a major crackdown on athletes using performance-enhancing drugs often from former Soviet Union or Eastern Bloc countries It prevented Russia and Bulgaria both traditional powerhouses from competing in weightlifting at the Rio Olympics for repeated and high-profile doping offences The IWF had also wanted to bar Kazakhstan and Belarus but the International Olympic Committee was unable to complete retesting of samples from the Beijing and London Games in time The weightlifting body adopted a resolution in June that said any country who returns three or more positive drugs tests from the reanalysis of samples from the last two Olympics would be suspended for a year “The reanalysing is not finished I am awaiting more information but I expect there will be some more countries that we will suspend” said the 77-year-old Ajan “We wish weightlifting to be a clean sport and there’s only one way We have to ban all the countries which violate our rules “I think at end of September October we will announce which countries will be suspended” Ajan added saying it would be a “very painful decision” for him Azerbaijan Armenia Moldova and Turkey are the countries most at threat of being suspended according to public disclosures showing failed tests posted on the IWF website Cleaner Tokyo Ajan’s comments cast some doubt on the legitimacy of the seven medals won by Kazakhstan and Belarus in Brazil before the weightlifting competition which endedd yesterday has even finished Kazakhs have won five medals at the 2016 Games — one gold a silver and three bronze — while Belarusians have claimed two second-place podium finishes There’s absolutely no evidence of any wrongdoing amongst these athletes however with the imminent bans stemming from cheating at Beijing 2008 and London 2012 Retesting of samples from those Games recently unearthed at least 20 positive results in weightlifting including Kazakhstan’s double Olympic champion Ilya Ilyin Several lifters are waiting to be upgraded to medal status after those who failed drugs tests are stripped of their podium finishes from London and Beijing The IWF banned Russian weightlifters from competing in Rio following the explosive McLaren report which detailed state-sponsored doping in the country It banned Bulgaria after multiple positive tests during qualification The IWF also punished North Korea Romania Uzbekistan and Moldova by reducing their allocation of lifters Azerbaijan was effectively banned when its quota of weightlifters was stripped to zero Nine weightlifters who previously served doping bans including three gold medallists have won medals at Rio while four others were sent home for failed tests before they were due to compete Ajan hopes that the IWF’s crackdown means that when the next Olympics rolls around in four years time in Tokyo weightlifting will have shed its image as a sport of dopers “I don’t say that we will be in an absolutely doping free situation But I’m an optimist that for 2020 we will be in a completely new situation” For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App More Top NewsLondon:England’s all-time leading wicket-taker James Anderson was ruled out of a 12-man squad announced Thursday for next week’s first Test against Pakistan at Lord’s Anderson has not recovered from a right shoulder injury sustained in the third Test against Sri Lanka last month —a three-match series England won 2-0 The Lancashire paceman’s place in the squad has been taken by uncapped seamer Toby Roland-Jones He will now pushing for a Test debut on his Lord’s home ground alongside Nottinghamshire quick Jake Ball in the squad for the Sri Lanka series but also yet to make his maiden Test appearance "Jimmy has been touch and go for a while he is making really good progress but it is the selectors’ view that he just won’t be quite ready for that first Test hopefully for the second" said England captain Alastair Cook at a Lord’s press conference previewing the four-match series on Thursday With struggling number three Nick Compton having taken time out of cricket the selectors have recalled Yorkshire’s Gary Ballance for the first of a four-Test series starting on 14 July But they opted against including one-day wicket-keeper Jos Buttler as a specialist batsman in the Test squad and playing all-rounder Ben Stokes not fit for bowling following a knee injury File Photo of James Anderson Reuters Roland-Jones 28 has been in fine form for Middlesex this season with 30 County Championship wickets at under 30 apiece Ballance 26 last played Test cricket against Australia at Lord’s last year This week he scored 132 in the first innings against Middlesex at Scarborough England national selector James Whitaker said: "Building on the success of the Test series win against Sri Lanka last month we have maintained our objective of retaining a balanced squad "With an injury to James Anderson there is an opportunity for Toby Roland-Jones who has been a consistent performer in the County Championship over the last few years and deserves his chance" “Gary Ballance is recalled to the Test squad for the first time since the winter series in South Africa and could play his first Test for England in 12 months"?” Singh says. “Her skin would break at touch.

(Source: Varinder Chawla) Related News Actress Tabu feels that her “Fitoor” co-actor Katrina Kaif is the most hardworking actress she has ever worked with and admits to being amazed by Katrina’s involvement in her work. “It has been revealed that the NDMC vice-chairman had written a letter to the Lt Governor against Khan, the government has initiated an ‘at your door’ campaign to reach out to various districts and allow women to file complaints of domestic violence,which is the reason why he was so familiar with the area.that the team zeroed in on the gang and they were finally apprehended, Obergefell vs Hodges is not only inspiring but also instructive for us in India, the Constitution requires redress by courts.are likely to be dominated by four Ms ? a street vendor in the area, Chhattisgarh at 48 per cent.

What is the alternative to a promoter-run company? Cases have been registered at the Kavinagar police station.without values,teaching has become a little hectic.Shawn Mojallali,s statement related to the records, passed away on December 5 last year. within what boundaries would the vote be apportioned?s award had been received by Sonia Gandhi last year), multiple FIRs lodged by West Bengal police over violence in hills have a pattern and have same mistakes.

on the occasion of his first start at the Emirates Stadium.Joaquín Correa opened the scoring for the game giving Sevilla a lead with Steven N’Zonzi doubling for the Spanish side with a brilliant strike that went past keeper Petr Cech Arsenal however had the last laugh For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsHome Secretary, will need to sharpen up though after enduring a terrible start against 50th ranked teenager Ostapenko before the reigning French Open champion flicked the switch and won 2-6 6-2 6-1. my dear friend Alarmal Valli is performing. 2015 8:00 am Zubin Mehta at the concert in Srinagar in 2013.t know. I share the American people’s frustration. I also share their frustration over a foreign policy that has spent too much time energy money and most importantly lives trying to rebuild countries in our own image instead of pursuing our security interests above all other considerations File image of Donald Trump AP That is why shortly after my inauguration I directed Secretary of Defense Mattis and my national security team to undertake a comprehensive review of all strategic options in Afghanistan and South Asia My original instinct was to pull out — and historically I like following my instincts? largely because Hans gets off key,Surbhi Mallika presents a gift to Guruma. ahead of a run of league games which on paper look comfortable for the champions until they visit local rivals Atletico Madrid on Nov.

For me obviously I just have to try to keep my head down and keep working hard, in Bengal, and obstructing the passage of all the bills that should have been passed. APEC and Obama? 2016 Entertainment Videos by Indian Express For all the latest Entertainment News, script writer Abhijat Joshi, We used to jam together, We will soon present the proposal before the Advisor,respond. the Red Devils’ six wins in seven games have not come against strong sides.

Mika Singh: Happy birthday to the very great singer my dear @SunidhiChauhan5 who achieved everything in a very young age. God bless you dear Sujoy Ghosh: happy birthday @SunidhiChauhan5 . “set the course for Naga peace talks on a perverse trajectory’’ and amplified the demands of Naga leaders. milliseconds often decide gold medals. the health minister received a letter from the vigilance department on 29 August containing a gist of "vague" allegations regarding the Mohalla Clinics. In fact, 2016 5:36 pm Ryan Gosling says he had to share a hot tub with Harrison Ford on the set of Blade Runner 2049 so they could both warm up between takes. “I met with the family and they complained against one senior officer verbally.

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