30 June 2005After 10 years and over R6-million in legal fees, Rooibos Ltd has won the battle over ownership of the generic term “rooibos”, according to a company statement. The name of the tea, an everyday word in South Africa, was registered as a trademark in the US by Forever Young Ltd in 1994.According to the settlement agreement announced on Wednesday, Forever Young and the new owner of the trademark, Virginia Burke-Watkins, voluntarily and unconditionally agreed to the cancellation of their registration of the word “rooibos” in the US and various other countries. “Rooibos” is Afrikaans for “red bush”.The tea is grown only in the Cedarberg area of the Western Cape, about 200 kilometres north of Cape Town. There is no alternative source of supply anywhere in the world.Rooibos Ltd was the main driving force behind the case, with help from the national and Western Cape governments. A tea-processing and marketing company owned by farmers, Rooibos Ltd is the largest producer and marketer of rooibos internationally, handling about 70% of sales.“The livelihood of all rooibos farmers as well as tea manufacturers was threatened by this name-registration issue,” said Martin Bergh, managing director of Rooibos Ltd. “We had to do something about it.”In 1994, Forever Young registered the name “rooibos” in the US and numerous other countries, restricting the use the word to only those willing to do business with the company. In 2001, Forever Young sold the registration to Virginia Burke-Watkins of Dallas, Texas.Business Day reports that in 2004, Burke-Watkins sent letters to rooibos distributors in the US, insisting they stop using the term in their marketing material and demanding $5 000 (over R30 000) compensation from them.This year a Missouri district court ruled that rooibos was a generic term, the newspaper reports, and could not be used as a trademark. Burke-Watkins lodged an appeal, and the hearing was expected to take place in 2006. Rooibos Ltd also brought an application to the US patents and trademarks office to cancel the registration.Bergh told Business Day the direct implication of the judgment was that distributors would be able to use the term without having to pay. The indirect effect would be that distributors, who were not investing in marketing in the US because of the uncertainty over the name, would now start building up their market.Rooibos sales in the US are worth an estimated R70-million at retail level, Bergh said. That compares with about R300-million of retail sales value in South Africa.According to Business Day, Germany is the biggest market for rooibos tea, importing more than South Africa consumes.Bergh told the newspaper that although rooibos tea is a dryland – not irrigated – product and vulnerable to weather conditions, the industry produces about 9 000 to 10 000 tons of the tea a year, which could easily be doubled.The cost of the case to Rooibos Ltd has been astronomical. Because the lawsuit was in the interest of the entire rooibos-producing industry, it was decided to approach the South African government for financial assistance and support. The Department of Trade and Industry pledged R2-million, and the Western Cape provincial government R250 000.The red bushRooibos is a caffeine-free herbal tea with numerous scientifically tested health benefits. It is one of the many indigenous South African plants that make up the Cape Floristic Region. A world biodiversity hotspot and one of South Africa’s six World Heritage sites, the region has more plant species than the whole of the British Isles or New Zealand.Overall sales of rooibos in the US climbed from just over $1-billion (R6.7-billion) in 1993 to about $5.1-billion (R34.1-billion) in 2003, according to the Tea Council of the US.“Rooibos sales in America, in spite of the registered name obstacle, have quadrupled every year since 1999,” says Hugh Lamond, president of California-based Herbal Teas International.Rooibos has a delicate flavour as well as documented health benefits from polyphenols and antioxidants, which may delay the ageing process and help protect against heart attack and certain types of cancer.Many varieties of rooibos teas are available in grocery, speciality and natural food stores throughout the US, Canada, Europe and Japan. Rooibos Ltd also exports the tea to manufacturers and wholesalers in the US and Canada.SouthAfrica.info reporter
Source: Knobloch, L. K., Knobloch-Fedders, L. M., & Yorgason, J. B. (2019). Mental health symptoms and the reintegration difficulty of military couples following deployment: A longitudinal application of the relational turbulence model. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 75, 742-765. By Leanne Knobloch, University of IllinoisFor many military couples, deployment can be a seemingly endless countdown to the service member’s homecoming. But, after the big day finally arrives and the welcome home ceremony is over, what’s next for military couples?A new study our research team published in the Journal of Clinical Psychology provides insight into the transition from deployment to reintegration. Our project was funded by the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs through the Military Operational Medicine Research Program. My co-authors on the study included my sister, Dr. Lynne Knobloch-Fedders from Marquette University, and our collaborator, Dr. Jeremy Yorgason from Brigham Young University.We had two goals for our investigation. First, we wanted to map out the transition from deployment to reintegration. Second, we wanted to identify factors that predict challenges along the way.We conducted the study by recruiting 1,100 individuals who were part of 555 military couples, and we asked them to complete an online questionnaire once per month for eight consecutive months after the service member’s homecoming from deployment. Each month, returning service members and at-home partners reported on their mental health, their relationship, and their difficulty with reintegration.Participants included active duty, reserve component, and National Guard military couples. The study involved military couples from all branches of service.Our findings showed that military couples reported the most difficulty with reintegration approximately four to five weeks after homecoming, and at-home partners reported more difficulty with reintegration than returning service members at each time point.These results highlight the importance of supporting at-home partners. The timing of help matters as well. In particular, four to five weeks after homecoming may be a key opportunity for offering services.Other findings revealed that mental health symptoms predicted later difficulty with reintegration. Posttraumatic stress symptoms for returning service members, and depressive symptoms for at-home partners, made the transition especially challenging.Based on these results, it’s important to know the symptoms of mental health problems and be ready to seek help if needed. Readjusting after deployment can be tough, and reaching out for assistance if necessary is the best thing you can do for yourself and your family.Our data also showed that characteristics of people’s relationships predicted difficulty with reintegration down the road. The transition was harder for partners who had questions about their relationship and who got in the way of each other’s daily routines.What do these results mean? As much as possible, people should open the lines of communication, share information, ask questions, and learn where their partner is coming from. And, carefully building new routines and making sure those routines run smoothly should be helpful as well. Leanne K. Knobloch (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin – Madison) is a professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Illinois. Her research examines how people communicate during times of transition, including how military families navigate the deployment cycle and how romantic couples cope with depression. Her work has been honored by the Golden Anniversary Monograph Award from the National Communication Association, the Biennial Article Award from the International Association for Relationship Research, and the University Scholar Award from the University of Illinois.
Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony PLAY LIST 00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Manny Pacquiao and Metta World Peace during the Rising Stars’ event at Resorts World Manila. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—Filipino boxing legend Manny Pacquiao arrived in Resorts World Manila on Saturday for the Rising Stars fight card, a boxing event he is co-promoting with Ringstar Asia.Pacquiao wasn’t the lone sporting star to walk in as he brought his friend and former defensive ace Metta World Peace with him.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Rising Stars: Samuel Salva stays unbeaten, gets shot at IBF minimumweight belt Google Philippines names new country director Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles View comments Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants LATEST STORIES The two were also joined by Pacquiao’s family as they all dined at a steakhouse just beside where the venue of the boxing event.World Peace is in town for the NBTC National Finals where Jeron and other Filipino high school standouts showcased their skills in a week-long tournament.World Peace, formerly known as Ron Artest, won a championship with the Los Angeles Lakers in 2010 and was named Defensive Player of the Year in 2004.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving Loud cheers broke out upon the arrival of Pacquiao and Metta World Peace, who also brought his Filipino-American son Jeron Artest.Manny Pacquiao, one-time NBA champion Metta World Peace arrive here at Resorts World Manila. Pacquiao is co-promoter of “Rising Stars” boxing event along with Ringstar Asia. pic.twitter.com/4hPcwfXWllFEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics— MG (@MarkGiongcoINQ) March 23, 2019 Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event