The Evolution of Suicide Terrorism

first_imgIn a letter to the editor of Science April 2,1 Hector N. Qirko (anthropologist, U. of Tennessee) has come up with a Darwinian model to explain suicide bombers.  His ideas build on an earlier model by Scott Atran (CNRS-Institut Jean Nicod, Paris, and Institute for Social Research, U. of Michigan) in a previous issue.2  Qirko elaborates on the model, invoking kin selection, nonkin altruism, inclusive fitness and other Darwinian buzzwords:Kin recognition is a necessary component of inclusive fitness calculations related to altruistic behavior in many species, and kin are often identified by means of evolved cues that are open to manipulation.  As recognizing kin has been an important problem in hominid evolution, cognitive adaptations to address that problem have evolved.  Relevant literature suggests that cues most applicable to human behavior are close physical association (particularly during development), phenotypic similarity, and the use of kin terms and other symbolic kin referents.  Thus, institutions desiring to maintain and reinforce nonkin altruistic behavior among their members should attempt to manipulate predispositions associated with these cues.It’s only a start, he admits, but he congratulates Atran for delving into this area of evolutionary psychology: “And while what motivates particular individuals to commit suicide terrorism may be impossible to ascertain, how institutions maintain and reinforce a willingness to do so can be more clearly understood.  Atran is to be commended for his exploration of this question in evolutionary psychological terms.”1Hector N. Qirko, “‘Fictive Kin’ and Suicide Terrorism,“ Science Vol 304, Issue 5667, 49-51, 2 April 2004., [DOI: 10.1126/science.304.5667.49].2Scott Atran, “Genesis of Suicide Terrorism,” Science Vol 299, Issue 5612, 1534-1539, 7 March 2003, [DOI: 10.1126/science.1078854].These guys are dead serious.  They look at suicide terrorism as just another behavior that evolved by natural selection.  They think they are doing us a favor by helping us “understand” how this phenomenon evolved, presumably so we can deal with it in a compassionate and understanding way.  So how would this view influence foreign policy?  If it is evolved behavior, isn’t it also an evolved behavior to fight back?  Neither side can claim to be right; we’re back to the law of the jungle.  Neither can these evolutionary psychologists exempt their behavior from natural selection.  Writing papers in Science, therefore, has no ultimate meaning.    We bring these examples to your attention to show how utterly wacko certain university professors have become under the influence of Dar-wine.  Don’t blame the bomber, or the one who sent him, when he blows up dozens or hundreds of innocent people in a bus or building.  Personal responsibility is a myth.  Evil does not exist.  The teachings of the Quran and Islamic leaders are only incidental and should not be criticized; the bomber is only doing what Charlie said natural law made him do.    Somebody send this story to Dennis Prager.  It should make for a lively discussion on his radio talk show.(Visited 38 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Manipulating Fossils to Fit Evolution

first_img(Visited 665 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 No matter how unusual a fossil appears, evolutionists will find a way to fit it into their favorite Darwin narrative, or else will ignore the non-Darwinian implications.Wait: those aren’t bird teeth! For 50 years, Live Science says, cryptic teeth in Alberta separated from the bodies have been interpreted as bird teeth. That’s a load of croc, Laura Geggel writes. They’re really crocodile teeth. Sydney Mohr says, “No one has ever taken a really good look at them.” She compared them to teeth of extinct bird groups and crocodilians, and found that they matched juvenile croc teeth the best.It’s also possible that some of the teeth did, in fact, come from birds, Mohr said. But even if they didn’t, that doesn’t mean prehistoric birds didn’t fly over southern Alberta. It’s possible that toothless birds lived there, or that toothed-bird remains simply weren’t preserved, she said.Speaking of toothless birds, PNAS built an evolutionary tale out of tooth loss. That’s right; loss of teeth in birds who evolved beaks. They say that their hypothesis “provides insight into the macroevolution of avian beaks.”Shifts toward earlier cessation of postnatal tooth development can be identified in fish, amphibians, and mammals that are edentulous [toothless] as adults; therefore the identification of similar transitions in multiple Mesozoic theropod dinosaur lineages strongly implies that heterochronic truncation of odontogenesis played an important role in the macroevolution of beaks in modern birds.Turning tooth development off in the embryo seems an easy thing for chance to do. Wouldn’t a better case of macroevolution be to evolve teeth from scratch?The dinosaur-eating frog: Sounds like a horror movie for the Jurassic Park series: “Giant Frog Eats T. rex”. Actually, this frog, with a powerful bite, probably concentrated on smaller dinos. They didn’t find dinosaurs in its stomach, but Science Daily reports,South American horned frog: credit, Kristopher LappinScientists say that a large, now extinct, frog called Beelzebufo that lived about 68 million years ago in Madagascar would have been capable of eating small dinosaurs….The study found that small horned frogs, with head width of about 4.5cm, can bite with a force of 30 newtons (N) or about 3 kg or 6.6 lbs. A scaling experiment, comparing bite force with head and body size, calculated that large horned frogs that are found in the tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests of South America, with a head width of up to 10 cm, would have a bite force of almost 500 N. This is comparable to reptiles and mammals with a similar head size.“This would feel like having 50 litres of water balanced on your fingertip,” says Professor Kristopher Lappin, Professor of Biological Sciences at California State Polytechnic University — Pomona.Based on their scaling relationship, the scientists estimated the bite force of the giant extinct frog Beelzebufo — which is in many ways similar to living horned frogs — may have had a bite up to 2200 N, comparable to formidable mammalian predators such as wolves and female tigers.“At this bite force, Beelzebufo would have been capable of subduing the small and juvenile dinosaurs that shared its environment,” says Dr Jones.Doesn’t this imply that extinct frogs were more fit than modern frogs? The scientists didn’t go into that.Imagining ancestors. Fossils of small, agile predators: how could these be the ancestors of giant sauropods, the largest herbivores that ever walked the earth? Science Daily reports without criticism a remarkable thesis by evolutionists in Munich who connect these two unlikely relatives:The best known sauropod dinosaurs were huge herbivorous creatures, whose brain structures were markedly different from those of their evolutionary predecessors, for the earliest representatives of the group were small, lithe carnivores….However, the early representatives of the lineage that led to these lumbering giants were strikingly different in form and habits. For a start, they were carnivores — like Saturnalia tupiniquim, an early sauropod dinosaur that was about the same size as a modern wolf.This hypothesis, based entirely on comparing dentition, reminds Darwin skeptics of the evolutionary story about a wolf-sized land animal becoming a gigantic whale. And what about the neck becoming longer? Remember what evolutionists admitted about the classic evolutionary story of the giraffe? (9/16/17). This story is even more implausible.The upside-down ankylosaurs. Paleontologists from Alberta were curious why 70% of ankylosaurs are found belly up. Is that due to chance, or to some other reason? Did predators turn them over? Apparently not; most lack tooth marks. Live Science says ” the researchers tested what turned out to be the correct hypothesis — that the ankylosaurs had either drowned or been swept out to sea once they died.” The “bloat and float” hypothesis pictures them filling with gas after drowning and flipping over. Glyptodonts, which evolutionists date earlier, are also often found on their backs. But since armored dinosaurs are large and heavy, up to 26 feet long and weighing 8 tons, doesn’t that require rapid burial? Laura Geggel calmly asserts, “These Late Cretaceous armored beasts were swept out to sea after they died, where they flipped over, sunk down to the seabed and fossilized, the researchers found.” But if that hypothesis were correct, we should expect to observe that happening to large, heavy animals today. Typically, animals are quickly eaten at sea. What could sweep a huge, heavy animal like an ankylosaur out to sea? Doesn’t that require a rather large Flood?Fossils do not interpret themselves. They are seen through the lens of a worldview. Evolutionists don’t just see fossils through Darwin-colored glasses. That would imply they could take the glasses off and think objectively. No; their Darwin worldview has been carved into their eyeballs like irreversible lasik surgery. Darwin Lasik distorts every bone it sees, like seeing fossils through a fun-house mirror that stre-e-e-t-t-t-ches things into millions of years.last_img read more

Wikipedians to Throw 300 Parties to Celebrate 10 Years of World-Shaking Knowledge Sharing

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… marshall kirkpatrick Tags:#New Media#web Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…center_img Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Wikipedia will turn 10 years old this weekend and its extended family is throwing it a birthday party in more than 300 different cities around the world. The full list of events is available at significance of Wikipedia to the world can hardly be overstated. There was a time, not so long ago, when the most fortunate people in society would ride a horse for days to visit their nearest library, only to find a tiny fraction of the information that the internet makes instantly available to anyone today. Wikipedia is a primary place that information is neatly and collaboratively organized. That means you should take some time this Saturday night to make a toast to Wikipedia. How disruptive to our understanding of the world can Wikipedia be? Below, a particularly good example.So for most of recent history, we’ve used paper encyclopedias, right? Many families had them and they were a growing child’s window to the world. I bought a house last year that had a special shelf built into the wall for an encyclopedia set and sure enough, all the books are still sitting in there. Some time ago I cracked one open and came across the following entry, purely by chance. Give this a look, then check out the corresponding Wikipedia entry and consider the impact of reading one vs. the other.From The American Peoples’ Encyclopedia (1970)Horseshoe Bend, Battle Of, a battle between Creek Indians and a force of militia and regulars under Gen. Andrew Jackson, Mar. 27, 1824, in the bend of the Tallapoosa Ricer, in what is now E Alabama. Jackson and his men had pursued the Creeks in a long campaign, and coming upon them in an entrenched position killed all but a few. The battle destroyed the Creek power. The site was made a national military park in 1956.You might not ever guess it, but the Wikipedia entry for the Battle of Horseshoe Bend tells a very different story. A story of deeply racist betrayal. According to the Wikipedia entry, Jackson used allied Creek Indians to massacre dissident Creeks in the battle, then lumped them all together after the battle to push all survivors out of the area. The Chief that led the allies, and who had saved Andrew Jackson’s life in battle, later said that if he knew how Jackson would later turn against him, he would have killed the future US President at Horseshoe. The battle and betrayal, according to Wikipedia, helped propel Jackson’s boost with [white] voters and put him in the White House, where he became synonymous with a campaign of genocide against the Native Americans. That’s an important story in American history that was collaboratively put together by scores of editors over the last 8 years. Before Wikipedia, readers young and old, seeking to understand the world, would have had no idea. The American Peoples’ Encyclopedia sure wasn’t going to tell them the full story. That was just one random example. I just cracked open the paper encyclopedia to a random page, then fired up mobile Wikipedia on my iPhone and compared the two. It’s like Wikipedia is to the encyclopedia what Wikileaks is to a White House press conference.Thanks, Wikipedia, and happy 10th birthday. To many, many more! 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Maharashtra ATS nabs three Bangladeshi nationals with alleged links to banned terror outfit

first_imgThree Bangladeshi nationals were arrested by the city unit of the Maharashtra Anti-Terror Squad (ATS) on Saturday on suspicion of being part of an Al Qaeda-inspired Islamic extremist organization.The trio, who had been apparently residing using forged identity papers, were believed to have links with the outlawed Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT) – the militant outfit also called as Ansar Bangla, said ATS sources.“The suspects were picked up for questioning from the city’s Akurdi and Wanowrie areas. They were residing illegally with forged Aadhaar and PAN cards which were retrieved from their persons. We are interrogating them to ascertain the nature of their association with the ABT, and their role here,” said an ATS officer.Two of those nabbed hailed from Khulna, while the other came from Shariatpur district in Bangladesh.The city ATS team led by Assistant Commissioner of Police (ATS) Sunil Darekar acted on a tip-off received on Friday about an alleged ‘infiltrator’ from Bangladesh living in the Kondhwa-Wanorie area.On detaining and quizzing the suspect, the team secured information about the whereabouts of the other two Bangladeshi nationals.last_img read more

Here are Paolo Van Erp and David Tollas putting th

first_imgHere are Paolo Van Erp and David Tollas putting the form in place for the second planter. This will be the first concrete pour for the new workshop. Report follows. September 15, 2014This continues the report of an upgrade in the East Crescent Keystone area. You can see an elevation and a plan of this project in our report from August 15. and the beginning of the work is reported on 8/20/2014. Continuing reports were posted on 9/1, 9/3, and on 9/10 and 9/12/2014.[photos and text by Sue Kirsch]Concrete on the first planter box has set and the form has been removed.last_img read more

Francis Keeling Discovery Communications has appoi

first_imgFrancis KeelingDiscovery Communications has appointed former Spotify executive Francis Keeling to lead its digital strategy.Keeling becomes senior vice-president of international digital, based in London. He will develop new digital products and his appointment marks one of a number of new digital hires by Discovery.Jay Trinidad, who is currently running Discovery Northern Asia, takes on the additional role of managing director, digital ventures, running Discovery’s newly formed international digital ventures group.Meanwhile, former American Express exec Eugene Huang comes on board as senior vice president, product and technology, with a remit to build new digital products across multiple screens.All three digital hires will report directly to Discovery’s president of international development and digital, Michael Lang.Commenting on Keeling’s appointment, Lang said: “Francis is an outstanding digital executive who helped transform the music industry when its business model was disrupted by technological change. He also comes to us from Spotify, a company we respect tremendously, with a proven track record of serving digital consumer needs.”“Being able to attract world-class digital executives like Francis, Jay and Eugene into our business says a lot about our ambition as well as the opportunity they see for Discovery’s content and brands across the world as digital product offerings.”Keeling will be tasked with creating new partnerships and business opportunities for Discovery to bring its content to consumers “across every screen and service”.He will help develop and launch new digital products across various content genres and also play an active role in Discovery’s OTT initiatives – including its recently announced digital video joint venture in Germany with ProSieben.Keeling worked for a year as vice-president, global head of licensing at Spotify, prior to which he spent ten years at Universal Music Group, where he was the global head of digital and managed the transition from physical music sales to new digital formats.Trinidad will focus on expanding Discovery’s brands and entertainment business into “digital growth areas globally”. A former executive of Google, Square and McDonald’s Corporation, Trinidad joined Discovery last year as president of Japan and senior vice-president of Northern Asia.Huang most recently worked as vice-president of strategy and planning at American Express. At Discovery he will develop the company’s international products and services across multiple platforms.last_img read more

Delhi Parts of city receive light rainfall

first_img Asian News International New DelhiJuly 18, 2019UPDATED: July 18, 2019 03:42 IST Janpath area receiving rainfall. Photo/ANIParts of the national capital received light rainfall on early Thursday, giving people the much-needed respite from the humidity.The rainfall brought the temperature down by several notches. According to Skymet, a private weather forecasting agency, the temperature was recorded at 27 degree Celsius.After a prolonged dry spell, Delhi and its adjoining regions such as Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurugram and Noida on Wednesday had observed a good rainfall accompanied by thundershower activities.These regions are witnessing downpour due to the shifting of Monsoon Trough southwards, which was earlier persisting over the foothills of the Himalayas.”The weather activities will once again start decreasing, however, chances of light rain in isolated pockets cannot be ruled out. Dry weather will once again take over entire Delhi and NCR area by July 20-21,” according to Skymet.ALSO READ: Rainfall disrupts traffic, triggers health concernsALSO WATCH: Solan: 7 dead after building collapses, rescue operation underwayFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShreya Sinha Next Delhi: Parts of city receive light rainfallParts of the national capital received light rainfall on early Thursday, giving people the much-needed respite from the humidity. advertisementlast_img read more

Arvind Kejriwal flags off first train under Mukhyamantri Tirth Yatra

first_img Next Press Trust of India New DelhiJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 00:00 IST Kejriwal and Sisodia, along with their families, will accompany pilgrims on the second trip on July 20. (Photo: ANI)Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal Friday flagged off the first train under the Mukhyamantri Tirth Yatra scheme from the Safdarjung railway station here.Under the religious pilgrimage scheme, fully funded by the Delhi government, the train will ferry 1,000 senior citizens on the Delhi-Amritsar-Wagah Border-Anandpur Sahib tour circuit. The government will bear the entire expenditure, including travel, accommodation, meals and other arrangements.The Mukhayamantri Tirth Yatra Yojana covers five routes of religious importance – Delhi-Mathura-Vrindavan-Agra-Fatehpur Sikri-Delhi, Delhi-Haridwar-Rishikesh-Neelkanth-Delhi, Delhi-Ajmer-Pushkar-Delhi, Delhi-Amritsar-Bagha Border-Anandpur Sahib-Delhi and Delhi-Vaishno Devi-Jammu-Delhi.In his address, Kejriwal said it was the Delhi government’s vision to ensure that every senior citizen in Delhi gets an opportunity to go on at least one “tirth yatra” in their lifetime.A statement released here said a total of 1,000 senior citizens boarded the train for the first ‘tirth yatra’ and they have been booked in 17 AC coaches of the train.Two government volunteers have been stationed in every coach for any kind of support and a medical team is present on the train as well, it said.The first train will be back in Delhi on the morning of July 16. Kejriwal and Sisodia, along with their families, will accompany pilgrims on the second trip on July 20, the statement said.Also Read | Delhi CM directs officials to resolve waterlogging complaints within 30 minutesAlso Watch | School education cannot be taken over by private sector: Prof RS BawaFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShifa Naseer Tags :Follow KejriwalFollow Train Arvind Kejriwal flags off first train under Mukhyamantri Tirth YatraUnder the religious pilgrimage scheme, fully funded by the Delhi government, the train will ferry 1,000 senior citizens on the Delhi-Amritsar-Wagah Border-Anandpur Sahib tour circuit. The government will bear the entire expenditure, including travel, accommodation, meals and other arrangements.advertisementlast_img read more