Google to shutdown Gtalk services from today replaces it with Hangouts

first_imgAdvertisement From today on-wards Gtalk will nolonger be functional since Google is shutting down the Gtalk services and forcing its users to embrace Hangouts.Google had announced it few weeks ago that it would shut its Gtalk services from today. Although Google’s Hangouts is not as popular as WhatsApp, Hike, WeChat, and others, but the search engine giant sees its future in Hangouts.Google had last year replaced Gtalk with Hangouts and the users who would download Gtalk were redirected to Google Hangouts download page. Now Google has made it quite clear that Gtalk will no longer be functioning from February 16. – Advertisement – Most users are used to the familiar Gtalk interface, which is also believed to work better than Google Hangouts even on slow internet connections.Were you still using Gtalk? Let us know in the comments section below.last_img read more

Rice scientists make first nanoscale pH meter

first_imgShareCONTACT: Jade BoydPHONE: 713-348-6778E-MAIL: jadeboyd@rice.eduRice scientists make first nanoscale pH meter Tiny, high-resolution sensors could probe living cells, tissues HOUSTON — (June 29, 2006) — Using unique nanoparticles that convert laser light into useful information, Rice University scientists have created the world’s first nano-sized pH meter.The discovery, which appears online this week in the jour nal Nano Letters, present s biologists with the first potential means of measuring accurate pH changes over a wide pH range in real-time inside living tissue and cells.“Almost every biologist I speak with comes up with one or two things they’d like to measure with this,” said lead researcher Naomi Halas, the Stanley C. Moore Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, professor of chemistry and director of Rice’s Laboratory for Nanophotonics (LANP).For example, pH may be useful in determining whether or not some cancer tumors are malignant. With current methods, a piece of the tumor would need to be physically removed via biopsy – a painful and invasive procedure – and visually evaluated under a microscope. Halas said LANP’s new nano-pH meter could be used instead as an “optical biopsy” to measure the pH inside the tumor with nothing more invasive than an injection.Halas’s LANP team created the pH sensor using nanoshells, optically tuned nanoparticles invented by Halas. Each nanoshell contains a tiny core of non-conducting silica that’s covered by a thin shell of metal, usually gold. Many times smaller than living cells, nanoshells can be produced with great precision and the metal shells can be tuned to absorb or scatter specific wavelengths of light.To form the pH sensor, Halas’ team coated the nanoshells with pH-sensitive molecules called paramercaptobenzoic acid, or pMBA. When placed in solutions of varying acidity and illuminated, the nanoshell-molecule device provides small but easily detectable changes in the properties of the scattered light that, when “decoded,” can be used to determine the pH of the nanodevice’s local environment to remarkably high accuracy. Inspired by techniques normally applied to image recognition, the team formulated an efficient statistical learning procedure to produce the device output, achieving an average accuracy of 0.1 pH units.The term “pH”   was coined by the Danish chemist Søren Sørensen in 1909 as a convenient way of expressing a solution’s acidity. pH ranges from one – the most acidic – to 14 – the most alkaline.Co-authors on the paper include postdoctoral researchers Sandra Bishnoi, now an assistant professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology, and Muhammed Gheith; graduate students Christopher Rozell and Carly Levin; Bruce Johnson, distinguished faculty fellow of chemistry and executive director of the Rice Quantum Institute; and Don Johnson, J.S. Abercrombie Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Statistics.The research was supported by the Department of Defense’s Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Keck Foundation, the Robert A. Welch Foundation and by Texas Instruments. FacebookTwitterPrintEmailAddThislast_img read more